[featured_image]

₦3,000.00

  • Version
  • Download
  • File Size 72.35 KB
  • File Count 1
  • Create Date November 1, 2021
  • Last Updated November 1, 2021

THE EXTENT TO WHICH SCHOOL FACILITIES INFLUENCE STUDENTS

Abstract

Education, in every human community, is an indispensable instrument for human progress, empowerment and effecting national development. This suggests that a nation that lacks sound educational culture and philosophy stands the risk of decay whereas a nation that sees to the development of its education sector is bound to achieve great success. Schools are established for the purpose of teaching and learning. It is also more important that the teachers are properly accommodated to facilitate the teaching-learning process that goes on there. This is the essence of the school plant and facilities. Therefore school facilities are the space interpretation and physical expression of the school curriculum. This was carried out to find out the influence of school facilities on student attitude in tertiary institutions in secondary school in the Cross River University Of Technology in Cross River State with the view of findings out whether there is a positive relationship between school facilities and student’s attitude in tertiary institutions.  A descriptive survey design was employed in this study. The population of the study consists of departments in the Cross River University Of Technology in Cross River State. A random sampling method was used to select 200 students from five departments chosen for this study. The questionnaire was used as an instrument. The data was collected and analyzed using correlation, regression and simple percentages. The result obtained shows the school facilities greatly affects student academic

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0  BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Student attitude is also referred to as attitude by Adediwura and Tayo (2007). Attitude or attitude is the outcome of education the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals. Attitude is commonly measured by examinations or continuous assessment but there is no general agreement on how it is best tested or which aspects are most important.

Students attitude in tertiary institutions cannot be traced to a single factor but by the multiplicity of factors such as environment, student attitude, teaching techniques, school facilities, teacher qualification and many more. According to Harb and El-shaarawin (2006), there are two types of factors affecting student attitude. These are internal and external classroom factors. Internal classroom factors include students’ competence, class schedules, class size, textbooks, class test results, learning or school facilities, school or class environment, the complexity of course materials, teachers role in the class, the technology used in the class and exam systems. External ones include extracurricular activities, family problems, and financial problems, social and other problems.

Noble (2006) emphasized student attitude and activities, perceptions of their coping strategies and positive attributions and background characteristics (i.e family income, parent level of education, guidance from parents and number of situations in the home) were indirectly related to their composite scores through attitude in high school. Young (1999) held the view that students’ attitudes tend with the use of the library and the level of their parental education. To Hussan (2006), the guidance from the parent and teachers indirectly affects the attitude of the student. Socio-economic factors like family income, parent’s education, teacher-student ratio, presence of trained teachers in school are also factors influencing the attitude of the student (Raychauduri, Amivata, Majundar, 2010).

School facilities have been observed as a potent factor in quality education. It is important to the teaching and learning process cannot be over-emphasized. Effective learning can occur through one’s interaction with the environment. The environment here refers to the facilities that are available to facilitate students learning outcomes or attitudes. These facilities include school buildings, libraries, laboratories, textbooks, software and hardware of educational technology etc. These facilities go along to affect or enhance students attitudes or attitudes. This can be realized when there are qualified teachers to handle the subject and the facilities are available.

According to Oni (2002) facilities constitutes a strategic factor in any organizational functioning. This is so because they determine to a very large extent the smooth functioning education. He further stated that their availability, adequacy and relevance influence efficiency and high productivity. In his words, Farombi (1998) Opined that the wealth of a nation or society could determine the quality of education in that land; emphasizing that a society that is wealthy will establish good schools with qualified teachers and with such, there as well as high attitude.

Adesola (2008) found out that the level of available resources is indeed a plus to the teachers and goes a long way to show the level of ingenuity and commitment towards effective delivery of lessons.

Akinfolarin (2002) identified facilities as a major contributing factor to the attitude in the school system. Different studies conducted by Ayodele (2006) and Vandiver (2011) showed that a positive relationship exists between the availability of facilities and students attitudes. Writing on the role of facilities in the teaching-learning process, Balogun (2002) submitted that no effective science education programme can exist without facilities for teaching. This is because facilities enable learners or students to develop scientific attitudes and problem-solving

skills.

1.1 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The main purpose of this study is to find out the possible influence school facilities have on student attitude in tertiary institutions in tertiary institutions in the Cross River University Of Technology, Cross River State. Subsequently, the researcher will attempt to identify the contribution of some elements that constitute these facilities and their impact on students attitudes.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The roles of the school facilities in enhancing students attitudes cannot be overemphasized. Therefore this study has the problem of the influence of school facilities on student attitude. The problem of availability, adequacy, management and utilization of school facilities is also examined.

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The study will be guided by the following research questions.

  1. Will the availability of school facilities influence students attitude in tertiary institutions in the Cross River University Of Technology in Cross River State?
  1. Will adequate school facilities student attitude in tertiary institutions in secondary Schools int local Government Area of Cross River State.
  1. Will management of school facilities influence students’ attitude in tertiary institutions in tertiary institutions in the Cross River University Of Technology in Cross River State?
  2. Will improvisation of school facilities influence students attitudes in tertiary institutions.

1.4  RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

  1. Availability of school facilities will not significantly influence students’ attitudes in tertiary institutions.
  2. Adequacy of School facilities will not significantly influence students’ attitudes in tertiary institutions.
  3. Management of School facilities will not significantly influence attitude in tertiary institutions.
  4. The utilization of school facilities will not significantly influence student attitudes in tertiary institutions.

1.5 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This study is delimited to secondary school in the Local Government, Cross River State.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The findings of this study will help to determine to what extent the availability of necessary facilities like, libraries, school building laboratories and textbooks in schools would facilitate effective teaching of as well as attaining high attitude of students. It would therefore inform stakeholders in the education sector such as policymakers, government functionaries, academicians the need for the provision of these school facilities.

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS

To avoid ambiguity and misconception, certain terms that are used in the study are explained below.

School facilities – this refers to all provisions which include physical materials or equipment within the environment of the school which help to facilitate the effective teaching-learning process and educational goals. Attitude – This refers to the extent to which a student, teacher or institution have attained their educational goals.

Influence – this is the power to have an important effect on someone or something.

 

Attached Files

THE EXTENT TO WHICH SCHOOL FACILITIES INFLUENCE STUDENTS.docx
PREVALENCE OF DIARRHEA AMONG CHILDREN (1-5YRS) IN NGOR OKPALA
THE ROLE OF RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS IN PROMOTING GIRL CHILD EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *