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  • Create Date November 1, 2021
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PREVALENCE OF DIARRHEA AMONG CHILDREN (1-5YRS) IN NGOR OKPALA

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Globally diarrhoea kills 2,195 children every day—more than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. That is like losing nearly 32 school buses full of children each day 1 in 9 child deaths are due to diarrhoea, making 801, 000 child deaths from diarrhoea every year. This makes diarrhoea the second leading cause of death among the under-fives. Despite this positive trend seen globally resulting from socio-economic development and implementation of child survival interventions, in Africa the state of affairs is still worrisome. The average child in developing countries experiences three or more episodes of the diarrheal disease each year, accounting for up to 4 billion cases annually.

Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of diarrhoea among children under the age of five years in Ngor Okpala.

Method: A descriptive questionnaire-based cross-sectional study design was used that involved 135 under-fives with the diagnosis of diarrhoea.

Results: The prevalence of under-five diarrhoea was 7.45%. The significant factors were age, sex and breastfeeding history of the under-five. Others were the number of children, the number of children below the age of five, the education and occupation status of the mother, water and sanitation. The age of the mother was found to be insignificant.

Conclusion: The prevalence of diarrhoea in under-fives was 7.45%, a value lower than previous statistics with evidence of a significant decline in diarrhoea-related hospitalizations and death. Factors found significant in diarrhoea among under-fives included age between 1 and 2 years, male sex, poor adherence to exclusive breastfeeding, 3 or more children in a family with more than 2 children being below five years, low education status and lack of employment of primary caretaker. Environmental factors included unsafe, unprotected drinking water sources and poor treatment measures for drinking water. The age of the mother was found to have no statistically significant association.

Attached Files

PREVALENCE OF DIARRHEA AMONG CHILDREN (1-5YRS) IN NGOR OKPALA.docx
EFFICIENCY OF ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE IN THE PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT
THE EXTENT TO WHICH SCHOOL FACILITIES INFLUENCE STUDENTS

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