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FACTORS THAT AID DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN EKIADOLOR COMMUNITY IN OVIA NORTH EAST OF EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the causes and effects of domestic violence in Ovia northeast Edo State, Nigeria. The population of the study comprised all the registered married couples in Ovia northeast Edo State from 2010-2015. 500 respondents made up 250 couples were used as a sample. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire entitled: Domestic Violence Question (DVQ) five research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The research questions were answered using person product-moment correlation while regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses at a 0.05 level of significance. The results obtained showed that Nigerian couples are faced with different types of domestic violence which are: physical violence, psychological violence and sexual violence; the age of the couples and their employment status were the socio-demographic factors that significantly correlate with domestic violence among couples and that gender and educational status did not correlate with domestic violence significantly. Based on the findings, recommendations for implementation include organizations confirming marriages such as families, religious groups, hospitals, courts etc., ensuring that their clients pass through marital counselling with professional marriage counsellors among others.

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Domestic violence has caused so many issues in the life of many Nigerians; separating families and friends. Nigeria has always been a very peaceful nation for a very long time; the question is; where did it all go wrong?

Ovia northeast as the case study is a very populated area in the heart of Edo with people of different socio-economic backgrounds; mainly families with below income average.

The main inhabitants of this area of Edo are mainly illiterates, from a humble background.

The major cause of domestic violence in Ovia northeast is due to the high level of poverty. Families find it difficult to eat, pay their children school fees; when the parents can no longer provide for their children, the children start engaging themselves in illegal acts like stealing and other social vices. Some of the children end up becoming members of different cult groups; they begin to steal, kill to survive; when finally they are being apprehended by the police or killed by other cult groups, the whole fiasco will land on their families respectively.

On the 22nd April 2016 in Ovia northeast; a father and three of his sons were killed by a group called one million boys. The people that raised the alarm were claiming that the boys were thugs sent by somebody, but the truth is; nobody knows exactly what lead to the death of the man and his three children; it might be the fault of one of the sons, it can still be that they were actually being attacked by thugs.

Domestic violence increases on daily basis in this area of Edo; families are not united; parents cannot give an account of their children as to where they are; what they are doing, how they are surviving out there. The life that most children live is a result of the care and guidance given to them by their parents.

Most of the people in Ovia northeast still practice the old-time tradition where a man has more than one wife; such homes if there is no compatibility of any kind, there will be a huge crisis in their families.

Finally, another cause of domestic violence in Ovia northeast is as a result of overpopulation in this area, most of the building there is clustered together; no privacy, poor security etc. which can lead to misunderstanding among families.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Domestic violence has been a thorn in the lives of most families in Ovia north east local government area of Edo, the federal government of Nigeria has always kicked against domestic violence; if domestic violence is not being controlled at the early stage, this can grow to become a major crisis in Nigeria. The federal governments of Nigeria, families, friends are looking for a way out of this situation in most of the local areas in Nigeria. Most parents do not start at the early stage to correct these issues until it goes out of control

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTION

  1. What are the roles of parents in the resolution of domestic violence in Ovia northeast?
  2. What could be the major causes of domestic violence in Ovia northeast?
  3. Does domestic violence have any significant effect on the socio-economic development of Nigeria?
  4. Does the federal government intervention on the issue of domestic violence have any significant effect on the level of crises in Nigeria?
  5. Does education help to reduce the effect of domestic violence?
  6. Does the family background have any significant effect on domestic violence in Ovia northeast?
  7. Could the high rate of poverty in this area be the major cause of violence in Ovia northeast?

1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: There is no mean difference in gender responses of the respondents that high rate of poverty in Ovia northeast is the major cause of domestic violence

H1: There is mean difference in gender responses of the respondents that high rate of poverty in Ovia north east is the major cause of domestic violence

H0: Domestic violence does not have a significant effect on the socio-economic development of Nigeria

H1: Domestic violence has a significant effect on the socio-economic development of Nigeria

H0: The family background does not have a significant effect on the level of domestic violence in Ovia northeast

H1: The family background has a significant effect on the level of domestic violence in Ovia northeast

1.5 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The aims of the research work are to find out:

  1. The roles of parents in the resolution of domestic violence in Ovia northeast.
  2. The major causes of domestic violence in Ovia northeast
  3. The effect of domestic violence on the socio-economic development of Nigeria.
  4. The role of the federal government intervention on the issue of domestic violence in Nigeria.
  5. If education help to reduce the effect of domestic violence.
  6. If the family background has any significant effect on domestic violence in Ovia northeast.
  7. The effect of a high level of poverty on the level of domestic violence in Nigeria.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The research work is an interesting one; as it will discuss in detail the origin of domestic violence in Ovia northeast, the best way to eradicate domestic violence in this area of Edo; the research work will discuss the effect of domestic violence on the socio-economic development of Nigeria and the roles of education in the resolution of domestic violence in Ovia northeast.

1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY

The research work is only limited to the factors that aid domestic violence and its effect in Nigeria.

1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS: The researcher was unable to go to all the areas of Ovia northeast; but he was able to get all the information needed for the purpose of the research work from the responses of the respondents in Ovia northeast, Edo

 

TIMES CONSTRAINTS: the research was involved in other departmental activities like attending lectures, doing other assignments, but the research was able to meet up with the time given for the submission of the research work.

 

Attached Files

FACTORS THAT AID DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN EKIADOLOR COMMUNITY IN OVIA NORTH EAST OF EDO STATE.docx
AN ASSESSMENT OF MEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY AWARENESS AMONG SCIENCE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: A CASE STUDY OF SOKOTO STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS
AVAILABILITY AND STORAGE OF VACCINES IN COMMUNITY PHARMACIES IN DELTA SATE

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