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FACTORS AFFECTING COST OF CONSTRUCTION IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

 1.0       Background of the study

The growing need for construction of all types coupled with a tight monetary supply has provided the construction industry with a big challenge to cut costs.

According to Mendelson and Greenfield (1996), the remaining part of the twentieth century would involve corporations, institutions and governments in a race to survive. The attendant dwindling economic fortune of nations economies around the World have geared up the participant in these sectors (the client in particular) to take up the challenge of ensuring efficient use of their resources to obtain value for money in terms of performance.

The total cost of construction in normal circumstances is expected to be the sum of the following cost: Materials, Labour, Site Overheads, Equipment/Plant, Head office Cost and Profit but in many parts of the world particularly in Nigeria, there are other costs to be allowed for.

These costs according to Mbachu and Nkado (2004) have obvious negative implications for the key stakeholders in particular, and the industry in general. To the client, high cost implies added costs over and above those initially agreed upon at the onset, resulting in fewer returns on investment. To the end-user, the added costs are passed on as higher rental / lease costs or prices. To the consultants, it means the inability to deliver value - for - money and could tarnish their reputation and result in a loss of confidence reposed in them by clients. To the contractor, it implies loss of profit through penalties for non-completion and negative word of mouth that could jeopardize his/her chances of winning further jobs, if at fault.

The proposed work will investigate and report the other costs to be allowed for, which are the basic factors affecting construction costs in Nigeria and also proffer solutions to how construction costs can be minimized.

 1.1        Statement of the Problem

The demand for more construction of all types, coupled with a tight monetary supply has provided the construction industry with a big challenge to cut costs. The problem of high contract costs of all aspects of construction is becoming obvious. Consequently, substantial increases are being observed in projects.

This substantial increase has brought about loss of client confidence in consultants, added investment risks, inability to deliver value to clients, and disinvestment in the construction industry.

1.2        Aim and Objectives of the study

The aim of the study is to find out the factors affecting construction costs in Nigeria and proffer solutions to how construction costs can be minimized.

The objectives of the study are as follows:

  1. To identify the main factors affecting construction costs in Nigeria.
  2. To determine the severity rank of the factors amongst clients, consultants and contractors.
  3. To determine the agreement ranking factors between clients, consultants and contractors.
  4. To proffer solutions on how to minimize construction costs in Nigeria.

1.3        Research Hypotheses

To test the hypothesis:

1 (a). Ho: Contractors and Clients do not generally agree on the severity rank of the factors    affecting construction costs in Nigeria

  • (b). H1: Contractors and Clients generally agree on the severity rank of the factors affecting construction cost in Nigeria
  • (a). Ho: Clients and Consultants do not generally agree on the severity rank of the factors affecting construction cost in Nigeria
  1. (b) H1: Clients and Consultants do not generally agree on the severity rank of the factors   affecting construction cost in Nigeria
  2. (a) Ho: Consultants and Contractors do not generally agree on the severity rank of the factors affecting construction cost in Nigeria
  3. (b) H1: Consultants and Contractors generally agree on the severity rank of the factors affecting construction cost in Nigeria

1.4       Significance of the study

An assessment of the study would enable Clients, Contractors and Consultants to give an economic approach to construction work such that they would be able to identify the dominating factors leading to high construction cost in Nigeria.

The application of the solutions proffered to minimizing construction costs would restore client’s confidence in consultants, reduce investment risks, and generally boost the viability and sustainability of the industry

 1.5        Scope and Delimitations

The scope of this research is limited to the identification of essential factors affecting construction costs and proffering solutions on how to reduce construction costs in Nigeria.  The study is limited to projects in the Lagos metropolis of Nigeria because there is easy access of the information in the Lagos metropolis by the researcher.

Target respondents for this study are the principal actors in the construction industry namely: the Client, the Consultant and the Contractor.

 

Attached Files

FACTORS AFFECTING COST OF CONSTRUCTION.docx
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE EXPERIMENT AND FEEDBACK OF THE THEATRE FOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECT IN IBIAKU COMMUNITY 2013 1.DOC
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